What are Terpenes and Terpenoids?
Terpenes and Terpenoids are terms used interchangeably to describe the volatile, aromatic molecules that evaporate easily and determine how things smell… But the two terms are slightly different.
Terpenes hold pharmacological significance; they are used in the popular holistic practise called ‘Aromatherapy’. Various Terpenes (there are over 20,000) contribute to the creation and development of some of the beautiful smells you experience every day. From flowers to perfumes, Terpenes play a huge role in the society we live in today.
But how do Terpenes and Terpenoids link to Cannabis?
Terpenoids are molecules that grow inside of the marijuana plant alongside THC and CBD, and are included in the compound when you hear somebody say ‘full spectrum’. When somebody says ‘isolate’, they are referring to a weaker and less effective oil which only has CBD or THC in it – isolate is not the ideal way to go; it has no Terpenoids nor will you get the same effect as if you were to use full spectrum.
There are 100 Terpenes in the cannabis plant, and alongside THC and CBD, all of these work together to give you the amazing feeling known as The Entourage Effect. The entourage effect is the result you get from using a full spectrum product, because all elements are working together to give you the balance and protection your brain needs. Conversely, strains you pick up on the street will not give you the same effect – you might experience paranoia and couch lock because the cultivators have bred the cannabis to be low in CBD yet extremely high in THC.
Terpenes are ‘hydrocarbons’ and Terpenoids are ‘dried, carbonised cannabis’
This difference isn’t too important, but it is worthwhile knowing that ‘Terpenes’ are the ‘raw’ element found in a humongous amount of naturally cultivated and grown produce, such as vegetables, flowers and fruit. Terpene makes them smell the way they do.
Terpenoids are the oxygenated derivative of Terpenes, meaning Terpenes turn into Terpenoids when you dry them out. Dried ‘bud’ contains Terpenoids, not Terpenes.
Terpenoids smell so nice because of the process of natural selection; the most aromatic derivatives of Terpenes (Carbonised Terpenoids) are consumed by insects, and the non-aromatic derivatives die out.
So, what do they do, and what are they?
- Myrcene has anti-inflammatory properties, like most other Terpenoid derivatives. You’ll find Myrcene in most strains of our CBD Bud, including ‘OG Bubblegum 9%’, ‘Strawberry Cheesecake 13%’, ‘Harlequin 12%’, ‘Kandy Kush 12%’, and ‘Tangerine Dream 18%’.
- Limonene is responsible for the citrusy smell you might find in lemons, oranges, and our ‘Tangerine Dream 18%’ . Limonene harbours many useful properties such as antifungal, anti-bacterial and it busts stress and enhances mood – this one’s a winner!
- Pinene is a bronchodilator, meaning it’s best suited for when you have a stuffy nose and just need something to clear the sinuses. It’s also an anti-inflammatory (you’ll see this property in most Terpenoids) and an antiseptic. It’s found in ‘Kandy Kush 12%’, ‘Harlequin 12%’, and ‘OG Bubblegum 9%’.
- Linalool is a Terpenoid associated with the easing of anxiety. You can find these properties in our ‘Strawberry Cheesecake 13%’.
- Caryophyllene is associated with the treatment of anxiety, depression and inflammation. Our strains containing Caryophyllene are ‘OG Bubblegum 9%’, ‘Strawberry Cheesecake 13%’, ‘Harlequin 12%’, ‘Kandy Kush 12%’, and lastly ‘Tangerine Dream 18%’.
We have worked hard to produce the highest grade, strain specific plant derived cannabis terpene formulations. Customers can now create bespoke CBD oil and vape liquid formulations using our all natural terpene blends. Our plant derived terpenes are extracted from plants other than cannabis and then formulated by our aromatic chemists to recreate an exact match of the chosen cannabis strains aromatic profile.
By lowering the temperature of your vape, you can smoke Terpenoids. The ideal temperature for vaporising a Terpene is 155 degrees celsius / 311 fahrenheit. Note: Never dab or smoke pure Terpenes – it’s dangerous and can cause skin and eye irritation due to its high concentration.
However, Terpenes have their benefits when you know what you’re looking for. Pinene, mentioned earlier, (found in ‘Tangerine Dream 18%’) is known to aid focus and concentration.
Our plant derived terpenes are produced to drop one single drop of Terpene per 1ml of CBD oil or vape juice (based on 1ml = 20 drops).